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Home > Food Preservation Articles, Reviews, & Buyers Guides > Gardening > Vegetables

Vegetables  Item Number: vegetables



ASPARAGUS
Full sun.
Prefers a soil of 6.5 ph, does not do well in acid soils.
Transplant crowns 12-18 in. apart in rows that are 4-6 ft. apart.
Wait to harvest one year after planting this perennial to allow for growth.  Snap off at ground level.

ARTICHOKE
Full sun.
Prefers a soil ph 6.5-8.0
Plant offshoots 6 in. deep with the tops above ground level.
Space 3-4 ft. apart in rows that are 4-5 ft. apart.
Heads do not appear until the second year for this perennial.  Harvest as soon as flower buds are visible, but before they open.

BEANS
Full sun.
Prefer a soil of 5.8-6.3.
Plant 2-3 in. apart in rows that are 25-30 in apart.
Harvest before beans mature while they are young and tender.

BEETS
Full sun.
Prefer a soil of 6.2-6.8
Plant 1/2 in. deep in rows that are 12-18 in. apart.  Thin to 3-4 in. apart.
60-70 to maturity.
Harvest any time during growth cycle.

BROCCOLI
Full sun or semi-sun.
Prefers a soil of 5.5-6.6
Space plants 18-24 in. apart in rows that are 30 in. apart.
Matures in 55-75 days.
Harvest before yellow flowers appear and the head is still tight.

BRUSSEL SPROUT
Sun or semi-sun.
Prefer a soil of 6.5.
Set plants 24 in. apart in rows 30 in. apart.
Mature 3 months after setting plants.
Harvest lowest sprouts first, when lower leaves begin to turn yellow.

CABBAGE
Full sun.
Prefers a soil of 5.5-6.5
Plant 12-15 in. apart in rows that are 3 ft. apart.
Mature in 90 days.
Harvest as soon as heads form.

CARROTS
Full sun to partial shade.
Prefer a soil ph of 6.0-6.5
Plant 1/2 in. deep in rows 10 in. apart.  When seedlings are 2 in. high, thin to 3 in. apart.
Mature in 65-75 days.
Harvest when they are sufficient size.

CAULIFLOWER
Full sun, tolerates light shade.
Prefers a soil ph of 6.5-7.5
Set plants 18 in. apart in rows that are 30 in. apart.
Matures in 60 days.
Harvest when heads are 6-8 in. across.

CORN
Full sun.
Prefers a soil ph of 6.0-6.8
Plant 1/2-1 in. deep at 4-6 in. apart in rows that are 3 ft. apart.
Matures in 65-95 days.
Harvest when kernels have just filled out.

CUCUMBER
Full sun.
Prefers a soil of 5.8-6.5, soil may need liming.
Plant 5 seeds in hills that are4-6 ft. apart.  Thin to 3 plants per hill.
Matures in 50-70 days.
Harvest before they get too large.
Read the Full Profile>>

EGGPLANT
Full sun.
Prefers a soil ph of 6.0-6.8
Space plants 24-30 in. apart in rows that are 24-30 inches apart.
Matures in 60-80 days.
Heavy bearing will stress small plants, thin to 3-4 fruits.

GREEN PEPPER
Full sun.
Prefers a soil of 6.0-6.8.
Plant 18 in. apart in rows that are 24 in. apart.
Matures in 65-80 days.
If allowed to ripen before picking, peppers will be sweeter and have a higher vitamin C content.

LETTUCE
Tolerates partial shade.
Prefers a slightly acidic soil of 6.0-7.0
Plant 12 in. apart.
Matures in 70-80 days.
Harvest while heads are tightly packed.

ONION
Full sun.
Prefers a soil of 6.0-6.5
Plant transplants 3/4 in. deep at 1 in. apart, then thin to 2-3 in. apart in rows that are 16 in. apart.
Matures in 45-150 days depending on variety.
Harvest when the tops fall over and dry up.

PEAS
Full sun with slight mid-day shade.
Any soil above 5.0.
Plant seed 1 in. deep, 2-3 in. apart in rows 2 ft. apart.
Mature in 55-75 days.
Harvest just before peas are full size, but when pods are well filled and firm.
Read the Full Profile>>

PUMPKIN
Full sun.
Prefers a soil ph of 6.0-7.0
Plant seeds in hills 4-6 ft. apart, sowing 4-6 seeds per hill.  Thin to 2-3 per hill.
Miniatures mature in 85-95 days.  Jack-o-lanterns mature in 100-120 days.
Harvest when pumpkin is a deep solid color and rind is hard.
Read the Full Profile>>

RADISH
Full sun, tolerates some shade.
Tolerates any soil, but less acid is better.
Plant 1/2 in. deep in rows 12 in. apart.  When seedlings are 2 in high thin to 2 in. apart
Fast maturing, matures in 20-30 days.
Harvest before splitting of roots occurs.

TOMATO
Full sun.
Prefers a slightly acid soil of 6.2-6.8.
Unstaked, plant 3 ft. apart in rows that are 5 ft. apart.  Staked, plant 2 ft. apart in rows that are 3-4 ft. apart.  Place stakes 5 ft. above ground and 1 ft. below ground.  Place stakes and cages at planting time as not to disturb growing roots.
Harvest when color indicates ripeness.
Read the Full Profile>>

ZUCCHINI
Warm weather crop needs full sun to partial shade.
Prefers a soil ph of 6.0-7.0
Place plants 36 in. apart in rows that are 48 in. apart.
Mature in 45-55 days.
Best picked when small.  Picking encourages more fruit.
Read the Full Profile>>





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